In my recent post about XMRig-based CoinMiners spread by Blue Mockingbird Group based mainly on Case Study by LIFARS I wrote about multi-stage attack performed by this threat actor. However, this case study doesn’t contain lot of IOCs (one reason could be to maintain privacy of the victims), and when I want to analyze these samples, first I have to find them somewhere. In this post I describe my process of searching for these samples using public services and how we can reconstruct the whole attack chain.
Overview During March-May the Blue Mockingbird group infected thousands of computer systems, mainly in the enterprise environment. There are known incidents in which they exploited the CVE-2019-18935 vulnerability in Telerik Web UI for ASP.NET, then they used various backdoors and finally, they deployed XMRig-based CoinMiners for mining Monero cryptocurrency. Interesting about these cases is the persistence which they used for CoinMiners - lot of techniques including scheduled tasks, services, but also WMI Event Subscription and COR Profilers.